What is Temple Mount? What is its significance in Judaism? Does Halacha allow usTemple Mount is the compound where the Jewish Temple used to stand and which now contains Al Aqsa – the third-most-important mosque for Islam, which in turn contains the Dome of the Rock. The Western Wall and the Jewish Quarter are not in that compound, and the Palestinians agree that these will in any case remain in Israeli hands.
Temple Mount is very important in Judaism because according to Jewish tradition Adam and Eve were created there, the Binding of Isaac took place there, it was the site of the Temple, and many other historic events took place at that site. But Judaism is founded upon the worship God, not Temple Mount. Judaism survived 3,000 years of exile even when we did not have sovereignty over Temple Mount. Most religious Jews indeed deem the site holy, but not as holy as Judaism itself, and certainly not important enough to die for. Unfortunately many non-religious Jews see Temple Mount as the foundation of Judaism, as the Jewish ethos itself. In reality, according to Jewish Law Temple Mount can and should be handed over to the Palestinians in return for peace. To this day Jews are forbidden by Halacha to enter Temple Mount. According to Jewish belief, the Temple will descend from the heavens – Palestinian sovereignty cannot stop that from happening.