The War of Independence/The '48 WarBreaking out immediately after the UN resolution, the war began with confrontations between the Jewish and Arab communities, while the British army was evacuating. Once the British mandate was officially over on 15 May 1948, armies from five Arab states (the largest was the Jordanian Arab Legion) joined the forces with the local Arab paramilitary organizations. By the end of the war the Israeli army held 78% of the mandatory territory ("The green line") and lost about 1% of its population- 6,373 dead. Estimates of Arab casualties are between 8,000-15,000 . Within the Israeli territory hundreds of Arab villages were destroyed, and 700,000 Arabs (a number is very much disputed) were expelled or persuaded to leave it.